Sara Schoonmaker's book breaks new ground in examining the discursive framing and reframing of trade policy as a key dimension of power relations in the global political-economy. Her nuanced account of the politics of informatics development details the contentious processes by which states, their domestic constituencies, and firms enact the national tensions embodied in the historic project of globalization. Schoonmaker reveals how these national tensions are continually redefined within the evolving power relations of the globalization project. In this sense, High-Tech Trade Wars is a compelling case study informing the broader contours of the making of the political-economic terms of globalization.
Focusing on the conflicts between the United States and Brazilian governments over Brazil’s efforts to develop a local computer industry, High-Tech Trade Wars examines the political struggle between governments and multinational corporations in today’s global economy.
Sara Schoonmaker uses the technology industry to delve into one of the key political conflicts of our time: the construction of a free trade regime determined to open markets around the world to global capital, and attempts by Latin American, African, and other governments to resist this process. The Brazilian computer case is a prime example of a nationalist effort to promote local growth of a key high-technology industry—an effort that was eventually dismantled under the pressures of what Schoonmaker views as part of a broader process of neoliberal globalization.
High-Tech Trade Wars presents a multidimensional view of the globalization process, where economic changes are shaped by political struggle and cultural discourse. It includes interviews with Brazilian industrialists and state officials involved with implementing and, eventually, dismantling Brazil’s informatics policy, and discussions of grassroots-level protests organized against neoliberal globalization during the recent WTO meetings in Seattle and Davos, Switzerland.
Presents a detailed, well-balanced portrait of the conflict . . . A needed moderating contribution to the often polemical nature of development/globalization research. [Offers] a convincing and too-rare voice of U.S. business concerns to the more radical perspective in sociology, which views nultinational corporations as totalitarian, consummate evil-doers in the third world."