Philosophy / General

Total 66 results found.

The Will To Create

The Will To Create

Goethe’s Philosophy of Nature

Better known as a poet and dramatist, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) was also a learned philosopher and natural scientist. Astrida Orle Tantillo offers the first comprehensive analysis of his natural philosophy, which she contends is rooted in creativity.

Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents

Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents

The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy

Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents is the first-ever comprehensive examination of views of animals in the history of Western philosophy, from Homeric Greece to the twentieth century.

Philosophical Inquiries

Philosophical Inquiries

An Introduction to Problems of Philosophy

Nicholas Rescher offers his perspectives on many of the foundational concerns of philosophy. He sees the need to inquire as an evolutionary tool for adapting to a hostile environment and shows how philosophy has developed in an evolutionary fashion, building upon acquired knowledge and upon itself. In a historical thread that informs and enriches his overview, Rescher recalls Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus, Kant, Hegel, Leibniz, Laplace, Bertrand Russell, and others. Overall, he argues for philosophy as an unavoidable instrument for rational, cogent responses to large questions.

World Changes

World Changes

Thomas Kuhn and the Nature of Science
Edited By Paul Horwich

Prominent philosophers analyze the work of Thomas Kuhn, including his monumental study The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, from a broad perspective, comparing earlier logical empiricism and logical positivism with the new philosophy inspired by Kuhn in the early 1960s.

Cognitive Economy

Cognitive Economy

The Economic Dimension of the Theory of Knowledge

Nicholas Rescher outlines a general theory for the cost-effective use of intellectual resources, and discusses the requirements of cooperation, communication, cognitive importance, cognitive economy, and then applies his model to several case studies.

Aporetics

Aporetics

Rational Deliberation in the Face of Inconsistency

Rescher defines an apory as a group of individually plausible but collectively incompatible theses. Citing thinkers from the pre-Socratics through Spinoza, Hegel, and Nicolai Hartmann, he builds a framework for coping with the complexities of divergent theses, and shows in detail how aporetic analysis can be applied to a variety of fields including philosophy, mathematics, linguistics, logic, and intellectual history.

Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal

Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal

Douglas challenges the traditional value-free ideal, and proposes a new ideal for values in science. She argues that the distinction between junk science and sound science lies in the roles values play at key points throughout science, and that constraining those roles is central to protecting the integrity and objectivity of science.

Ignorance

Ignorance

(On the Wider Implications of Deficient Knowledge)

Rescher presents a broad-ranging study that examines the manifestations, consequences, and occasional benefits of ignorance in areas of philosophy, scientific endeavor, and ordinary life.

Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History

Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History

Buck-Morss draws new connections between history, inequality, social conflict, and human emancipation through a fundamental reinterpretation of Hegel’s master-slave dialectic. Historicizing the thought of Hegel and the actions taken in the Haitian Revolution, Buck-Morss examines the startling connections between the two and challenges us to widen the boundaries of our historical imagination.

Error

Error

(On Our Predicament When Things Go Wrong )

A new analysis of the occurrence, causality, and consequences of error in human thought, action, and evaluation. Defines three main categories of error, and provides a historical perspective on error from Greek to modern philosophy.

The Responsible Scientist

The Responsible Scientist

A Philosophical Inquiry

Forge examines the challenges of social, moral, and legal responsibility faced by today’s scientists. He presents a broad overview of many areas of scientific endeavor, citing the responsibility of corporations, employees, and groups of scientists as judged by the values of science and society’s appraisals of actions and outcomes. Forge maintains that ultimate responsibility lies in the hands of the individual—the responsible scientist—who must exhibit the foresight to anticipate the use and abuse of his or her work.

Winner of the 2010 Eureka Prize for Research in Ethics from the Australian Catholic University

Thinking about Causes

Thinking about Causes

From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics

Emerging as a hot topic in the mid-twentieth century, causality is one of the most frequently discussed issues in contemporary philosophy. Thinking About Causes brings together top philosophers from the United States and Europe to focus on causality as a major force in philosophical and scientific thought.

No Easy Answers

No Easy Answers

Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge

Offers an accurate picture of science through the examination of nontechnical case studies which illustrate the various roles that experiment plays in science. Examines both sucessful and unsucessful experiments to show how scientists use experimental evidence and critical discussion to expand our knowlege of the natural world.

Four Decades of Scientific Explanation

Four Decades of Scientific Explanation

First published in 1989, this book presents and analyzes the dramatic changes in philosophical conceptions of scientific explanation after the landmark 1948 essayStudies in the Logic of Explanation by Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim.

The Task of the Interpreter

The Task of the Interpreter

Text, Meaning, and Negotiation

By examining the interpretation of a wide variety of materials, such as works in translation and literary fiction, Pol Vandevelde presents a new approach to interpretation that reconciles the possibility of multiple interpretations with the need to consider an author’s intent.

Total 66 results found.