This volume offers an unusual variety of topics presented during the fifth annual Oberlin Colloquium in Philosophy. Essays topics include: a dispute of the standard deductivist account of scientific testability; two definitions of “nonsense” that are closely related and correlate to science’s concern with truth and philosophy’s concern with concepts; contesting the causes of voluntary actions purported in Hart and Honore’s Causation and the Law; distinguishing two kinds of metaphysical tasks-taxonomic and evaluative; and discussions of “what a thing is” in terms of its qualities and particulars and the distinction between numerical and conceptual differences, universals and individuation.
The fifteen papers in this volume deal with the two overlapping topics of knowledge and experience from the perspective of analytic philosophical inquiry. The topics addressed are prominent in the work of such modern philosophers as Ludwig Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, C. I. Lewis, Gilbert Ryle, A. J. Ayer, and John L. Austin.
Nicholas Rescher presents the first translation of medieval Arabic philosopher al-Farabi’s “Short Commentary on Prior Analytics” in English, and supplements this with an informative introduction and numerous explanatory footnotes.
Six essays by noted philosophers of science include the following topics: explanation in science and in history; philosophy and the scientific image of man; psychoanalysis and parapsychology; the conceptual basis of the biological sciences; the nature of time; and problems of microphysics.
Nicholas Rescher assembles this annotated bibliography of al-Farabi, the first Arabic philosopher credited with developing a non-Aristotelian logic. The book includes a listing of printed materials relating to al-Farabi, and summaries providing further detail on these works.
Five essays from noted theologians, philosophers and biologists discuss the impact of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species on their respective fields.