Subject: Architecture / History / Modern (late 19th Century to 1945)

Subject: Architecture / History / Modern (late 19th Century to 1945)

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Building Character

|9780822945550|The Racial Politics of Modern Architectural Style|In the nineteenth-century paradigm of architectural organicism, the notion that buildings possessed character provided architects with a lens for relating the buildings they designed to the populations they served. Advances in scientific race theory enabled designers to think of “race” and “style” as manifestations of natural law: just as biological processes seemed to inherently regulate the racial characters that made humans a perfect fit for their geographical contexts, architectural characters became a rational product of design. Parallels between racial and architectural characters provided a rationalist model of design that fashioned some of the most…

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Race and Modern Architecture

|9780822946052|A Critical History from the Enlightenment to the Present|Although race—a concept of human difference that establishes hierarchies of power and domination—has played a critical role in the development of modern architectural discourse and practice since the Enlightenment, its influence on the discipline remains largely underexplored. This volume offers a welcome and long-awaited intervention for the field by shining a spotlight on constructions of race and their impact on architecture and theory in Europe and North America and across various global contexts since the eighteenth century. Challenging us to write race back into architectural history, contributors confront how racial thinking has…

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Governing by Design

|9780822961789|Architecture, Economy, and Politics in the Twentieth Century| Governing by Design offers a unique perspective on twentieth-century architectural history. It disputes the primacy placed on individuals in the design and planning process and instead looks to the larger influences of politics, culture, economics, and globalization to uncover the roots of how our built environment evolves. In these chapters, historians offer their analysis on design as a vehicle for power and as a mediator of social currents. Power is defined through a variety of forms: modernization, obsolescence, technology, capital, ergonomics, biopolitics, and others. The chapters explore the diffusion of power through…

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Home

|9780822962694|A Century of Change|Home: A Century of Change depicts the evolution of domestic space and the meaning of home during the twentieth century, with an emphasis on East Central Europe. This region is also placed firmly within a global context and similar developments are highlighted across the former east-west divide. Sofia Dyak first discusses broad social forces, including modernization, design, housing policy, utopias, and future forms of living that affected domestic life, and then analyzes the basic functional units within the home. Dyak interprets each unit according to its essential social and cultural characteristics: the corridor (public/private), living room (comfort),…

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Building Modern Turkey

|9780822963905|State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic|Building Modern Turkey offers a critical account of how the built environment mediated Turkey’s transition from a pluralistic (multiethnic and multireligious) empire into a modern, homogenized nation-state following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. Zeynep Kezer argues that the deliberate dismantling of ethnic and religious enclaves and the spatial practices that ensued were as integral to conjuring up a sense of national unity and facilitating the operations of a modern nation-state as were the creation of a new capital, Ankara, and other sites and services that…

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