A history of the Santa Barbara oil spill of 1969 and its impact is an important addition to the historiography of American environmentalism. Spezio has done a good job of providing a close history of the spill while effectively contextualizing a number of issues including: offshore oil drilling, pollution technology, and water law. This volume will be of great interest to environmental historians and general readers interested in environmental politics and policy.
In January 1969, the blowout on an offshore oil platform off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, and the resulting oil spill proved to be a transformative event in pollution control and the nascent environmental activism movement. It accelerated the advancement of federal government policies and would change the way the federal government managed environmental pollution. Over the next three years, Congress worked to pass laws such as the National Environmental Policy Act and the Clean Water Act, and revolutionized the way that the United States dealt with environmental pollution. At the same time, scientists developed methods to detect chemical pollution that had been discharged into rivers and streams by industrial facilities.
Slick Policy presents an original and in-depth history of the 1969 Santa Barbara spill. Teresa Sabol Spezio provides a background of water pollution control, government oversight of federally-funded projects, and chemical detection methods in place prior to the spill. She then shows how scientists and politicians used public outrage over the spill to implement wide-ranging changes to federal environmental and science policy, and demonstrates the advancements to offshore oil drilling, pollution technology, and water protection law that resulted from these actions.
The value of this book lies in the historical examination of how, in the context, of changing social values, the environmental movement evolved, how it matured, and how it must withstand threats.
Slick Policy still provides a significant contribution to explaining why the Santa Barbara blowout of 1969 resonated so profoundly in American politics and how it helped usher in the environmental management state.
Spezio's focus on water quality adds a valuable dimension that will be of interest to science and technology studies scholars. The book's most striking contribution is this exploration, in close detail, of how scientific methods and regulatory structures mutually evolved.