Wiktor Marzec

Wiktor Marzec

Wiktor Marzec holds a PhD in sociology and social anthropology from the Central European University in Budapest, an MA in sociology, and an MA in philosophy from the University of Lodz. His research interests concern historical sociology, labor history and history of concepts. He has been a fellow at the University of Michigan, the Humboldt University in Berlin, the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna, the Center for Advance Study in Sofia and the Centre for Historical Research, the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Saint Petersburg. His recent publications include articles in Thesis Eleven, Journal of Historical Sociology and Eastern European Politics and Societies. He is the author of Rebellion and Reaction: The 1905 Revolution and Plebeian Political Experience in Russian Poland (in Polish) (Lodz; Cracow: Lodz University Press and Universitas 2016). He serves as social science editor of the journal Praktyka Teoretyczna / Theoretical Practice. Currently he runs a comparative project on political trajectories of the late tsarist borderlands in The Robert Zajonc Institute for Social Studies, University of Warsaw.

Rising Subjects

The 1905 Revolution and the Origins of Modern Polish Politics

Rising Subjects explores the change of the public sphere in Russian Poland during the 1905 Revolution. The 1905 Revolution was one of the few bottom-up political transformations and general democratizations in Polish history. It was a popular rebellion fostering political participation of the working class. The infringement of previously carefully guarded limits of the public sphere triggered a powerful conservative reaction among the commercial and landed elites, and frightened the intelligentsia. Polish nationalists promised to eliminate the revolutionary ‘anarchy’ and gave meaning to the sense of disappointment after the revolution. This study considers the 1905 Revolution as a tipping point for the ongoing developments of the public sphere. It addresses the question of Polish socialism, nationalism, and antisemitism. It demonstrates the difficulties in using the class cleavage for democratic politics in a conflict-ridden, multi-ethnic polity striving for an irredentist self-assertion against the imperial power. In the Polish case, 1905 was something much different from a ‘run through’ for the 1917 Revolution, for long shaping basic political division and ‘ethicizing’ political difference.