A very welcome addition to the history of the natural sciences in the American West. Written with verve and in meticulous detail, Vetter's book covers considerable new ground and is both highly ambitious and strategic.
Field Life examines the practice of science in the field in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains of the American West between the 1860s and the 1910s, when the railroad was the dominant form of long-distance transportation. Grounded in approaches from environmental history and the history of technology, it emphasizes the material basis of scientific fieldwork, joining together the human labor that produced knowledge with the natural world in which those practices were embedded. Four distinct modes of field practice, which were shared by different field science disciplines, proliferated during this period—surveys, lay networks, quarries, and stations—and this book explores the dynamics that underpinned each of them. Using two diverse case studies to animate each mode of practice, as well as the making of the field as a place for science, Field Life combines textured analysis of specific examples of field science on the ground with wider discussion of the commonalities in the practices of a diverse array of field sciences, including the earth and physical sciences, the life and agricultural sciences, and the human sciences. By situating science in its regional environmental context, Field Life analyzes the intersection between the cosmopolitan knowledge of science and the experiential knowledge of people living in the field. Examples of field science in the Plains and Rockies range widely: geological surveys and weather observing networks, quarries to uncover dinosaur fossils and archaeological remains, and branch agricultural experiment stations and mountain biological field stations.
Vetter brings the history of science into dialogue with the history of technology, labor history, and environmental history, producing a densely researched and richly textured account of "science in action" on the Great Plains and in the Rocky Mountains.
Vetter's extensive research makes Field Life useful for exploring the development of the fledgling sciences in the American West.
Historian Jeremy Vetter has produced a remarkable study of scientific exploration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Field Life is a terrific book, sumptuously illustrated, that will be of great interest to historians of science, environmental historians, and historical geographers alike.
In Field Life Jeremy Vetter covers that significant period in the second half of the nineteenth century that saw both the rise of the railroad and the rise of modern American science. Surprisingly, no one has looked at the railroad and the West as an envirotechnical system, and it is a welcomed addition to such an analytical approach. Vetter also makes a broader methodological point for the need to advance regional approaches to the history of science. For Vetter, geography matters. He adds significantly to the spatial turn in the history of science by showing how the sciences practiced in the American West all have environmental histories to them.
Field life is a veritable goldmine of interesting data and critical analysis.