Nature’s Diplomats

Science, Internationalism, and Preservation, 1920-1960

This innovative, deeply researched, and insightful study offers an important window into the foundational ideas, institutional origins, and continuing practices of the modern environmental movement. Raf de Bont's outstanding work fills an important gap in our understanding of the historical development of international nature protection, while at the same time showing how the work his protagonists pioneered continues to play an important role in how we think about and respond to the natural world.
Mark V. Barrow Jr., author of Nature's Ghosts: Confronting Extinction from the Age of Jefferson to the Age of Ecology

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Nature’s Diplomats explores the development of science-based and internationally conceived nature protection in its foundational years before the 1960s, the decade when it launched from obscurity onto the global stage. Raf De Bont studies a movement while it was still in the making and its groups were still rather small, revealing the geographies of the early international preservationist groups, their social composition, self-perception, ethos, and predilections, their ideals and strategies, and the natures they sought to preserve.
By examining international efforts to protect migratory birds, the threatened European bison, and the mountain gorilla in the interior of the Belgian Congo, Nature’s Diplomats sheds new light on the launch of major international organizations for nature protection in the aftermath of World War II. Additionally, it covers how the rise of ecological science, the advent of the Cold War, and looming decolonization forced a rethinking of approach and rhetoric; and how old ideas and practices lingered on. It provides much-needed historical context for present-day convictions about and approaches to the preservation of species and the conservation of natural resources, the involvement of local communities in conservation projects, the fate of extinct species and vanished habitats, and the management of global nature.

about the author

Raf De Bont

Raf De Bont is professor of history at Maastricht University. His research concerns the history of science and the environment in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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Raf De Bont