The Afterlife of Austria-Hungary

The Image of the Habsburg Monarchy in Interwar Europe

The 'Habsburg myth' was born of a unique constellation of events. . . . While many historians have analyzed the role of the Austrian idea in maintaining the dynastic state, Kozuchowski demonstrates its application by those attempting to construct a post-Habsburg Austrian identity. . . . The book is a fine translation from Polish with clear, often whimsical prose . . . a fascinating survey of the men who shaped the postwar image of the Habsburg Monarchy and the reasons for their success.
American Historical Review
Winner, 2016 Austrian State Prize for the History of Social Sciences

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 was just one link in a chain of events leading to World War I and the downfall of the Austro-Hungarian empire. By 1918, after nearly four hundred years of rule, the Habsburg monarchy was expunged in an instant of history. Remarkably, despite tales of decadence, ethnic indifference, and a failure to modernize, the empire enjoyed a renewed popularity in interwar narratives. Today, it remains a crucial point of reference for Central European identity, evoking nostalgia among the nations that once dismembered it.

The Afterlife of Austria-Hungary examines histories, journalism, and literature in the period between world wars to expose both the positive and the negative treatment of the Habsburg monarchy following its dissolution and the powerful influence of fiction and memory over history. Originally published in Polish, Adam Kozuchowski’s study analyzes the myriad factors that contributed to this phenomenon. Chief among these were economic depression, widespread authoritarianism on the continent, and the painful rise of aggressive nationalism. Many authors of these narratives were well-known intellectuals who yearned for the high culture and peaceable kingdom of their personal memory.

Kozuchowski contrasts these imaginaries with the causal realities of the empire’s failure. He considers the aspirations of Czechs, Poles, Romanians, Hungarians, and Austrians, and their quest for autonomy or domination over their neighbors, coupled with the wave of nationalism spreading across Europe. Kozuchowski then dissects the reign of the legendary Habsburg monarch, Franz Joseph, and the lasting perceptions that he inspired.

To Kozuchowski, the interwar discourse was a reaction to the monumental change wrought by the dissolution of Austria-Hungary and the fear of a history lost. Those displaced at the empire’s end attempted, through collective (and selective) memory, to reconstruct the vision of a once great multinational power. It was an imaginary that would influence future histories of the empire and even became a model for the European Union.

232 Pages, 5.5 x 8.5 in.

November, 2013

isbn : 9780822962656

about the author

Adam Kozuchowski

Adam Kozuchowski is assistant professor at the Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences, in Warsaw.

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Adam Kozuchowski