This exciting volume will become required reading not only in courses relating to the history of Argentina, but also in those surrounding citizenship in a cross-cultural perspective. I am impressed by the quality of essays and the breadth of topics that touch upon how not only states, but also diverse groups have pushed for changes in definitions. Bounded by identities rooted in immigration, gender, science, political parties, and nationalism, this book forces the reader to conceptualize national identities, and hence, national history at its core.
Making Citizens in Argentina charts the evolving meanings of citizenship in Argentina from the 1880s to the 1980s. Against the backdrop of immigration, science, race, sport, populist rule, and dictatorship, the contributors analyze the power of the Argentine state and other social actors to set the boundaries of citizenship. They also address how Argentines contested the meanings of citizenship over time, and demonstrate how citizenship came to represent a great deal more than nationality or voting rights. In Argentina, it defined a person's relationships with, and expectations of, the state. Citizenship conditioned the rights and duties of Argentines and foreign nationals living in the country. Through the language of citizenship, Argentines explained to one another who belonged and who did not. In the cultural, moral, and social requirements of citizenship, groups with power often marginalized populations whose societal status was more tenuous. Making Citizens in Argentina also demonstrates how workers, politicians, elites, indigenous peoples, and others staked their own claims to citizenship.
This volume, an important contribution on a subject that until recently had rarely been explored so systematically, constitutes further evidence of the recent productive transformations in the historiography of twentieth-century Argentina.