Subject: History / Latin America / South America

Subject: History / Latin America / South America

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Political Culture in Nineteenth-Century Peru

|9780822942290|The Rise of the Partido Civil|In the mid-nineteenth century, Peru underwent a profound transformation. As the world economy became increasingly integrated, a new trade-based ruling class emerged. Elections led to political mobilization, and those in positions of national authority found themselves forced to negotiate with regional power brokers and lower social classes.Central to this transformation was the creation of the Partido Civil, the country’s first modern political party. Tracing its development, Ulrich Muecke revisits virtually every aspect of nineteenth-century Peruvian society.By exploring the different forms of political action and their symbolic meanings, Muecke offers a new interpretation of the legitimization…

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The Metamorphosis of Heads

|9780822942801|Textual Struggles, Education, and Land in the Andes|Since the days of the Spanish Conquest, the indigenous populations of Andean Bolivia have struggled to preserve their textile-based writings. This struggle continues today, both in schools and within the larger culture. The Metamorphosis of Heads explores the history and cultural significance of Andean textile writings—weavings and kipus (knotted cords), and their extreme contrasts in form and production from European alphabet-based texts. Denise Arnold examines the subjugation of native texts in favor of European ones through the imposition of homogenized curricula by the Educational Reform Law. As Arnold reveals, this struggle over language…

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Under the Flags of Freedom

|9780822943471|Slave Soldiers and the Wars of Independence in Spanish South America|During the wars for independence in Spanish South America (1808-1826), thousands of slaves enlisted under the promise of personal freedom and, in some cases, freedom for other family members. Blacks were recruited by opposing sides in these conflicts and their loyalties rested with whomever they believed would emerge victorious. The prospect of freedom was worth risking one’s life for, and wars against Spain presented unprecedented opportunities to attain it.Much hedging over the slavery issue continued, however, even after the patriots came to power. The prospect of abolition threatened existing political,…

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Literature and Subjection

|9780822943532|The Economy of Writing and Marginality in Latin America|In Literature and Subjection, Horacio Legras employs theoretical, philosophical, cultural, political, and historical analysis to assess the factors that have both facilitated and stifled the integration of peripheral experiences into Latin American literature. Legras examines a handful of contemporary authors who have attempted in earnest to present marginalized voices to the Western world, and evaluates the success or failure of these endeavors. His deep and insightful evaluation of key works by novelists Juan Jose Saer (The Witness), Nellie Campobello (Cartucho), Roa Bastos (Son of Man), and Jose Maria Arguedas (The Fox from…

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I Sweat the Flavor of Tin

|9780822943990|Labor Activism in Early Twentieth-Century Bolivia| On June 4, 1923, the Bolivian military turned a machine gun on striking miners in the northern Potosi town of Uncia. The incident is remembered as Bolivia’s first massacre of industrial workers. The violence in Uncia highlights a formative period in the development of a working class who would eventually challenge the oligarchic control of the nation. Robert L. Smale begins his study as Bolivia’s mining industry transitioned from silver to tin; specifically focusing on the region of Oruro and northern Potosi. The miners were part of a heterogeneous urban class alongside artisans, small…

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