Subject: Science / Philosophy & Social Aspects

Subject: Science / Philosophy & Social Aspects

Comments

William Whewell’s Theory of Scientific Method

|9780822983507|William Whewell is considered one of the most important nineteenth-century British philosophers of science and a contributor to modern philosophical thought, particularly regarding the problem of induction and the logic of discovery. In this volume, Robert E. Butts offers selections from Whewell's most important writings, and analysis of counter-claims to his philosophy.| Robert E. Butts|| Philosophy / General Science / Philosophy & Social Aspects

Read more

Comments

The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories

|9780822984283|Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy|The six essays in this volume discuss philosophical thought on scientific theory including: a call for a realist, rather than instrumentalist interpretation of science; a critique of one of the core ideas of positivism concerning the relation between observational and theoretical languages; using aerodynamics to discuss the representational aspect of scientific theories and their isomorphic qualities; the relationship between the reliability of common sense and the authenticity of the world view of science; removing long-held ambiguities on the theory of inductive logic; and the relationship between the actuality of conceptual revolutions in the history of…

Read more

Comments

Statistical Explanation and Statistical Relevance

|9780822952251|According to modern physics, many objectively improbable events actually occur, such as the spontaneous disintegration of radioactive atoms. Because of high levels of improbability, scientists are often at a loss to explain such phenomena. In this main essay of this book, Wesley Salmon offers a solution to scientific explanation based on the concept of statistical relevance (the S-R model). In this vein, the other two essays herein discuss “Statistical Relevance vs. Statistical Inference,” and “Explanation and Information.”| Wesley C. Salmon|| Philosophy / General Philosophy / Logic Science / Philosophy & Social Aspects

Read more

Comments

The American Ideology of National Science, 1919-1930

|9780822984344|Ronald C. Tobey provides a provocative analysis of the movement to establish a national science program in the early twentieth century. Led by several influential scientists, who had participated in centralized scientific enterprises during World War I, the new effort to conjoin science and society was an attempt to return to earlier progressive values with the hope of producing science for society's benefit. The movement was initially undermined by the new physics, and Einstein's theories of relativity, which shattered traditional views and alienated the American public. Nationalized research programs were tempered by the conservatism of corporate donors. Later, with the…

Read more

Comments

Paradigms and Paradoxes

|9780822984382|The Philosophical Challenge of the Quantum Domain|The revolution involving the foundations of the physical sciences heralded by relativity and quantum theories has been stimulating philosophers for many years. Both of these comprehensive sets of concepts have involved profound challenges to traditional theories of epistemology, ontology, and language. This volume gathers six experts in physics, logic and philosophy to discuss developments in space exploration and nuclear science and their impact on the philosophy of science.| Robert G. Colodny|| Philosophy / General Science / Philosophy & Social Aspects

Read more